Elon Musk and SolarCity

Elon Musk is one of the most influential and controversial entrepreneurs of our time. He is the visionary behind Tesla, SpaceX, and SolarCity, three companies that aim to revolutionize transportation, space exploration, and renewable energy. However, his ambitious endeavors have also faced many challenges and criticisms, especially the acquisition of SolarCity by Tesla in 2016. In this article, we will examine the background, rationale, and outcome of this deal, which sparked a legal battle between Musk and some of his shareholders. We will also discuss how this case illustrates Musk's leadership style and his impact on the future of innovation. 


In 2016, Tesla announced its intention to acquire SolarCity for $2.6 billion in an all-stock deal. The acquisition was controversial, as some Tesla shareholders alleged that it was a bailout for SolarCity, which was struggling financially and facing lawsuits from customers and suppliers. They also claimed that Musk had a conflict of interest and exerted undue influence over the Tesla board, which approved the deal.


In 2017, a group of Tesla shareholders filed a lawsuit against Musk and the Tesla board, seeking to recoup the $2.6 billion that Tesla paid for SolarCity. They argued that the acquisition was not fair to Tesla stockholders and that Musk breached his fiduciary duty as a director. They also accused Musk of misleading shareholders about SolarCity's financial health and prospects.


The trial began in July 2021 and lasted for two weeks. Musk took the stand as the first witness and defended the acquisition as part of his "master plan" to accelerate the transition to sustainable energy. He denied that he pressured the Tesla board or controlled the negotiations. He also said that SolarCity was not a bailout, but a strategic asset that complemented Tesla's battery business.

Other witnesses included Tesla board members, such as Antonio Gracias and Kimbal Musk (Elon's brother), who testified that they acted independently and in good faith when they approved the deal. They also said that they relied on financial advisors and outside experts to evaluate SolarCity's value and risks.


In April 2022, Vice Chancellor Joseph Slights of the Delaware Court of Chancery ruled in favor of Musk and dismissed the lawsuit. He wrote that although Musk was more involved in the process than he should have been, and that some board members had conflicts of interest, the Tesla board meaningfully vetted the acquisition and did not breach their duty to shareholders. He also found that the price Tesla paid for SolarCity was fair and within a reasonable range.

The verdict was a victory for Musk, who could have had to pay up to $2 billion if he had lost. The plaintiffs could appeal the decision to the Delaware Supreme Court.