The fate of Cleopatra's children after her death

Cleopatra was the last queen who ruled Egypt in the Ptolemaic era, and she was famous for her beauty, intelligence, and political and romantic relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, the powerful leaders of Rome. Cleopatra only had four children, two of them from her first husband and brother Ptolemy XIII, and two from her lover Mark Antony. The fate of her children and grandchildren was mostly tragic, as we will see below:


Julius Caesarion

He is Cleopatra's first and only son from Julius Caesar, who acknowledged him as his heir. He was born in Alexandria in 47 BC, and was named Caesarion or "Little Caesar" in Latin. Cleopatra made him her co-ruler of Egypt after Caesar's death in 44 BC. But after Mark Antony's defeat in the Battle of Actium in 31 BC, Octavian, Caesar's successor, brought the war to Egypt. Cleopatra tried to save her son by sending him to India, but he was arrested by one of Octavian's allies. In 30 BC, after the suicide of Cleopatra and Mark Antony, Octavian ordered Caesarion to be killed by Roman soldiers, and thus the Ptolemaic dynasty ended.


Cleopatra Selene

She is the daughter of Cleopatra and Mark Antony, and the twin sister of Alexander Helios. She was born in 40 BC, and was named Selene or "Moon" in Latin. She held the title of Queen of Cyprus and Libya. After her parents' defeat in the Battle of Actium, she was taken to Rome with her brothers where Octavian's sister Octavia took care of them. In 25 BC, she married Juba II, King of Mauretania, who was an ally of Rome. She became a just and beloved queen, and bore him three children: Ptolemy, Drusilla and Cleopatra. She died in 6 BC, and was buried in Mauretania.


Alexander Helios

He is the son of Cleopatra and Mark Antony, and the twin brother of Cleopatra Selene. He was born in 40 BC, and was named Helios or "Sun" in Latin. He held the title of King of Armenia, Media and Parthia. After his parents' defeat in the Battle of Actium, he was taken to Rome with his brothers where Octavian's sister Octavia took care of them. His fate is not known exactly, but it is believed that he died in a Roman prison in 29 BC.


Ptolemy Philadelphus

He is the son of Cleopatra and Mark Antony, and the youngest of his siblings. He was born in 36 BC, and was named Philadelphus or "He who loves his brother" in Greek. He held the title of King of Syria and Phoenicia. After his parents' defeat in the Battle of Actium, he was taken to Rome with his brothers where Octavian's sister Octavia took care of them. His fate is not known exactly, but it is believed that he died in a Roman prison in 29 BC. 

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