Cleopatra's Parents

Cleopatra's parents were both descendants of Ptolemy I Soter, a Macedonian Greek general who founded the Ptolemaic dynasty after Alexander the Great's death. They were also half-siblings who shared the same father but had different mothers. They ruled Egypt together for about two decades until their death or disappearance. They left behind a legacy of political turmoil, civil war and Roman intervention that shaped Cleopatra's life and reign.


Cleopatra VII was the last pharaoh of Egypt and a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which ruled Egypt for almost 300 years. She was born in 69 BC or 70 BC in Alexandria, the capital of the Ptolemaic Kingdom. 


Ptolemy XII Auletes

Cleopatra's father was **Ptolemy XII Auletes**, who was also known as Ptolemy Neos Dionysos (\"Ptolemy the New Dionysus\"). He was the son of Ptolemy IX Lathyros and a concubine named Cleopatra IV Tryphaena.  He ruled Egypt from 80 BC to 51 BC, with a brief interruption from 58 BC to 55 BC, when he was expelled by a revolt and his daughter Berenice IV took the throne. He regained his power with the help of the Roman general Aulus Gabinius and his ally Pompey. 


Ptolemy XII was a weak and unpopular ruler who faced many challenges from his subjects and foreign powers. He tried to secure his position by forming alliances with Rome, which was the dominant power in the Mediterranean at that time. He paid large sums of money to Julius Caesar and Pompey to gain their favor and recognition as a friend and ally of Rome. He also sent his daughter Cleopatra to Rome with him in 58 BC, where she presumably received an education and learned about Roman culture and politics. 


Ptolemy XII died in March 51 BC, leaving behind a will that named his daughter Cleopatra and his son Ptolemy XIII as his joint successors. He also requested that Rome should oversee the execution of his will and protect his children's interests. 


Cleopatra V Tryphaena

Cleopatra's mother was **Cleopatra V Tryphaena**, who was also known as Cleopatra VI Tryphaena. She was the daughter of Ptolemy IX Lathyros and his wife Cleopatra Selene I, who were both children of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III.  She married her half-brother Ptolemy XII in 79 BC or 78 BC and became his co-ruler. She gave birth to at least three children: Cleopatra VII, Berenice IV and Arsinoe IV. 


Cleopatra V's fate is uncertain and disputed by historians. Some sources suggest that she died in 69 BC or 68 BC, shortly after giving birth to Arsinoe IV. Others claim that she was still alive in 58 BC, when she co-ruled with her daughter Berenice IV after they deposed Ptolemy XII. Some even argue that she survived until 57 BC or 56 BC, when she was either killed by Ptolemy XII or fled to Syria with Berenice IV. 


Was Cleopatra's dad Egyptian

No, Cleopatra's dad was not Egyptian. He was **Ptolemy XII Auletes**, a descendant of the Macedonian general Ptolemy I Soter, who was one of Alexander the Great's generals and became the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. Cleopatra herself was of Macedonian Greek origin and spoke Greek as her native language. She was the only Ptolemaic ruler who learned to speak Egyptian.


Why doesn't Cleopatra's father speak Egyptian?

Cleopatra's father did not speak Egyptian because he was not Egyptian. He was a **Macedonian Greek** who belonged to the **Ptolemaic dynasty**, which ruled Egypt for almost 300 years after Alexander the Great conquered it.  The Ptolemies spoke **Koine Greek** as their first language and maintained their Greek culture and traditions.  They did not assimilate into the Egyptian society or adopt their language, except for Cleopatra VII, who was the first and only Ptolemy to learn and use Egyptian. 

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